Volume 1, Issue 11, 2020
1. Islamic Related Terminologies in Eastern and Western Mass Media Discourse on Terrorism
Zein Bani Younes and Mohd Nazri Latiff Azmi. Islamic Related Terminologies in Eastern and Western Mass Media Discourse on Terrorism. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 11 (2020) 18–28.
At the present day, media plays a vital and dangerous role in affecting societies and individuals. People can see and hear the world from their homes sitting in their seats influencing their cultures, lifestyles and the way they speak and believe. This study aimed to uncover the level of Islamic terminology in the media discourse on terrorism. To achieve this goal, the study used the method of analyzing the content of some articles and television programs related to the subject of the study. The study sample consisted of two television channels, (Al Jazeera and The BBC), and two newspapers (The Guardian and The Jordan Times).The content analysis applied to four articles published in The Jordan Times and The Guardian, and four television programs shown on The BBC and Al Jazeera. After analyzing the data, The research results showed that the most frequent use of Islamic-related terminologies of terrorism in the chosen articles of The Jordan Times newspaper is the terms ‘Militant’ and ‘Terrorist Cell’. Also, the results indicated that Islamic-related terminologies of terrorism are heavily used in both mass media news coverage in which the terms ‘Islamic Extremism’ and ‘Islamic Radical’ control the whole coverage of the terrorist attack. The term ‘Al-Shabaab’ records the highest percentage of about 28% of the whole use of terms; There is a significant tendency to use terrorism terminologies associated with Islam in the coverage of the western newspapers and other mass media (Guardians and The BBC).
Keywords: Media, Terrorism.
2. The Role of the New Media in the Syrian Revolution from the View Point of the Jordanian Media Elite
Zein Bani Younes and Mohd Nazri Latiff Azmi . The Role of the New Media in the Syrian Revolution from the View Point of the Jordanian Media Elite. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 29–37.
The new media imposed by the conditions of technological determinism and the desire to reform the Arab regimes. The new media is also useful in making some developmental democratic changes. It is used to provide assistance and logistical support to the revolutions and to announce the repression of the government and the community. This study aimed to identify the role of the new media in the Syrian revolution from the perspective of the Jordanian media elite, to achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was developed consisting of (18) paragraphs and verified its validity and stability. The study population consisted of (500) individuals. Total of (217) questionnaires distributed to the study sample which randomly selected and (200) survey valid for statistical analysis was retrieved, which represent (92.16%) from the distribution questionnaires. The study used several statistical methods: arithmetic averages, standard deviations, multivariate analysis, and Cronbach- alpha. The results of the study showed that the perceptions of the members of the study sample of the role of the new media in the Syrian revolution from the Jordanian media elite came to a high level. Also, there are no statistically significant differences in the perceptions of the study sample members towards the role of the new media in the Syrian revolution. In light of the results of the study, several recommendations proposed, including the political, civil and cultural institutions of the society must take care of the new media as an instrument of expression and the promotion of freedoms in the Arab world.
Keywords: Media, Jordanian Media.
3. A TECHNIQUE FOR THE STABILITY OF THE POLYHEDRAL HOMOTOPY METHOD
Hassan M. S. Bawazir et al. A TECHNIQUE FOR THE STABILITY OF THE POLYHEDRAL HOMOTOPY METHOD . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 38-44.
A polyhedral homotopy is nonlinear in the homotopy parameter. The powers of the polyhedral homotopy parameter come as a result of constructing mixed cells of a polynomial system that we want to solve using the polyhedral homotopy method. It is empirically noted that these powers become large as the system becomes large. A polyhedral parameter with high power causes an unstable polyhedral algorithm. Some recent approaches that deal with this problem are either costly or insufficient. This work presents new two algorithms to keep the power of the polyhedral parameter as small as possible which results in more stability of the polyhedral homotopy algorithms in solving polynomial systems. Numerical results show the performance of our algorithms.
Keywords: Polyhedral homotopy; stability; polynomial system.
4.Breast Lumps Patterns among Young Libyan Females Attending Breast Clinic at Tripoli Central Hospital
Soad Al-Basha et al. Breast Lumps Patterns among Young Libyan Females Attending Breast Clinic at Tripoli Central Hospital . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 45-53.
Breast lumps are the most common breast problems among young females in developing countries. Proper diagnosis of breast lumps in young women should be taken seriously as the diagnosis in this age group is more challenging. The present study aims to describe the different patterns of breast lumps among young Libyan females and identify their related risk factors. This was a cross-sectional study included Libyan women younger than 40 years and who attended the breast clinic at Tripoli central hospital over a period of 14 months including the conduction of a pilot study. Data was analyzed using the SPSS program. Among a total of 350 included patients, 15 (4.3%) had breast cancer, and 335 (95.7%) had benign breast diseases, of which, 145 (41.4%) were fibroadenomas and 110 (31.4%) were breast cysts. The mean age of breast cancer cases and those with benign breast diseases was 36.53±2.89 and 26.96± 6.34 years, respectively. There was a statistically significant association (P<0.05) between the type of breast disease and age, age at menarche, lack of breast feeding, overweight, stress, and positive family history of cancers. This study concludes that benign breast diseases are the most common breast lesions among young Libyan females, particularly, fibroadenomas. Singularity, null parity, lack of breast feeding, obesity, and exposure to stress were the most common risk factors of breast diseases among this age group.
Key words: breast lumps, young women, breast lumps pattern, breast cancer, benign lumps.
5. Strategic Planning and Revenue Diversification Capacity of National Sports Federations in Kenya
Obonyo, Mark Ouche. Strategic Planning and Revenue Diversification Capacity of National Sports Federations in Kenya . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 54-60.
Building revenue diversification capacity for an organization requires management to engage in strategic planning that: creates innovative programs and services; builds resilience against adverse conditions; and establishes a sustainable financial base. However, previous studies show that managers of most nonprofit sports organizations lack requisite strategies for developing diversified financial portfolios for sustainability. In Kenya, enactment of sports Act 2013 has made it mandatory for all registered National Sports Federations to engage in strategic planning with a view to improving performance in generally and revenue streams in particular. However, performance improvement has remained elusive. The objective of this study was therefore to assess the effect of strategic planning on revenue diversification capacity of The National Sports Federations, Kenya. The study employed correlation research design. A target population of 156 officials from 39 National Sports Federations in Kenya was used. A sample of 144 respondents was arrived at through Fisher’s model. Primary data and secondary data were collected through structured questionnaire and analysis of financial documents respectively. Descriptive statistics- percentages and inferential statistics- regression methods of data analysis applied. The study established a positive insignificant correlation(R=.110; P>.05) between strategic planning and revenue diversification capacity of National Sports Federations. Strategic planning had an insignificant contribution to revenue diversification capacity (B = 0.189, Beta =0.110; p = 0.544). In conclusion, strategic planning had no statistically significant effect on revenue diversification capacity. This was perhaps because of low strategic planning application intensity at the National Sports Federations, Kenya.
Keywords: Revenue Diversification capacity, Strategic Planning, National Sports Federations, Sustainab Financial performance
6. Board Meeting Frequency and Expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility: An Assessment of Nigeria’s Financial Sector
Dikko Bello and Aminu Umar. Board Meeting Frequency and Expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility: An Assessment of Nigeria’s Financial Sector. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 61-69.
This study attempts at appraising the effect of board meeting frequency on corporate social responsibility expenditure of listed financial services firms in Nigeria. Ex-post factor research design the chosen methodology where data was extracted from the annual report and accounts of nineteen (19) firms and for a period of 5 years (2014-2018). The study sample was arrived at by the using census sampling technique in which all the elements of the population were used for the study. GLS Fixed Effect regression was used on the panel data to determine the relationship between the variables. The finding of the study reveals that board meeting frequency has a significant positive impact on CSR expenditure. The study concludes that CSR expenditure of listed financial sector listed firms in Nigeria can be enhanced by increased board meetings. Also, relevant regulatory agencies should come up with guidelines to increase the effectiveness of firms’ directors’ board. Additionally, this paper tones up the idea that performing advising oversight by the board of directors is indispensable to firms in order to guard all stakeholders’ interests.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility; Board meeting Frequency; Expenditure; Nigeria.
7.Graffiti: A Medium of Effective Communication or an Art of Vandalism in Nigeria
Oyeniran, Stella Titilope et al. Graffiti: A Medium of Effective Communication or an Art of Vandalism in Nigeria. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 70-79.
After the researcher noticed the growing and varied manifestations of university violence through the various statistics and media, and on the basis that the most important objectives of science are interpretation of phenomena, prediction and control it, the researcher saw that he may contribute to identify some of the causes and factors for this phenomenon, and provide the decision maker and the school curriculum designer some necessary data, which led to the study of the social efficiency of students in the pre-university stage, the secondary school, in a comparative study between students of public schools versus private schools in Madaba, Jordan, because of importance of the social efficiency of students and their skills and social preparations in the Psychological and social adjustment with the subsequent stage, which is university life. Using a measure of social competence, the researcher built it in four main dimensions and presented it to the specialists for judging it, after applying it to a sample of 400 students, 200 of them were from private schools and 200 from public schools, there were statistically significant differences in the average scores of students in secondary schools between public and private schools on the social efficiency scale in all its dimensions, and from the arithmetic averages, it was found that these differences were in favor of public school students. As well as the existence of statistically significant differences in the average scores of students between males and females on the scale of social efficiency in all dimensions, and from the arithmetic averages show that these differences were in favor of females.
Key words: Social competence, grade 12, public and private schools