Volume 3, Issue 3, 2022

1. Female Genital Mutilation in the 21st Century: the Effectiveness of Communication in the Campaign Against It


This paper examined the effectiveness of communication in the campaign against Female Genital Mutilation in Iwo local government area of Osun State. The study sought to analyze the role communication plays in the campaign against Female Genital Mutilation, determine what campaign strategies are mostly employed in the grass root level and how effective these strategies are in Iwo Local Government Area. Survey method was employed and 300 copies of questionnaire were administered to the maternity women and nursing mothers of State Hospital and Alaye Primary Health Care, both in Iwo, Osun State and face to face interview were conducted on six medical practitioners from the health centers. The findings from this study showed that among others, majority of the respondents are aware of the campaign against Female Genital Mutilation, counseling and one on one communication are the communication strategies that are mostly employed in the health centers to campaign against this practice. Also, majority of the respondents are in support of the campaign and did not circumcise their daughters due to what they have heard from different communication strategies on the effect of the practice. Therefore, the use of communication in the campaign against Female Genital Mutilation in Iwo is very effective. The researcher recommended that more sensitization programmes should be created by the government for this campaign to reach the grass root especially those that cannot read and other communication strategies should be employed to campaign against this practice like social media since they are the communication thriving technologies.

Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation; Communication Strategies; Health Campaigns; Circumcision

2. Blockchain and its Entire Eco-System: A Legal Consideration to an International Cross-Border Technology


Blockchain has proven to be one of the most influential technologies of all time due to its capabilities and applicability in virtually every industry and business. Blockchain has attracted both individuals and organisations and has continued to grow and spread across numerous industries and business types. Despite this unprecedented growth in popularity, there are a number of legal issues that must be addressed in order to encourage and support the safe use of this technology by all individuals and organisations for a variety of purposes, while adhering to the legal rules and regulations issued by the authoritative bodies. This research is devoted to conducting an in-depth examination of blockchain from a legal standpoint in order to identify the areas of law that should be amended or improved in order to better accommodate blockchain within its domain.

The research employs the qualitative legal research and a library-based approach to collect and analyse data. Due to blockchain's unique nature and characteristics, research has uncovered a number of legal issues, such as implementation and other related actions such as cryptocurrencies and smart contracts, that must be addressed in order to maximise the technology's ultimate utility while ensuring legal compliance and avoiding any unanticipated risks. Therefore, the research has generated several recommendations or actions to be taken to resolve the legal complexities that would guarantee the safe use of such cross-border technology and prevent any illegal attempts, such as terrorism financing and money laundering, which pose a threat to both the national and international level.

Keywords: Awareness, Blockchain, challenges, cryptocurrency, smart contact

3. Study of Maximum and Minimum Air Temperature of Taplejung Nepal, 2011-2020


Studies on how work environment and supervision, influence productivity have gained much attention in the oil sector, distributive trade sector, communication sector and the manufacturing sector but the reverse is the case in the Nigerian banking industry. This research work, therefore examines the impact of work environment and supervision on employee productivity in Nigerian with reference to the banking industry. The Nigerian banking industry was taken, as the case study with a sample of 517 employees drawn across the selected banks. A survey research design and systematic literature review were employed to achieve the study objectives. Thereafter, the researcher used Moos (1981) validated scale on work environment, Mowday, Steers and porter, (1979) validated commitment scale, Robinson, Kraatz and Rousseau, (1994) validated scale necessary modification to collect the required data from the respondents. The outcome of this research work indicates that office furniture, ventilation, light, Atheistic design/ structure, supervisor support, co-workers’ relations positively and significantly affect staff productivity and that the supervision style such as, Open communication, employees participation in organization, performance monitoring, creativity has great impact on bank employee productivity. The study, therefore, concluded that the Nigerian banks must pay attention and respond to the employees work environment and supervision as it have a significant effect and drive employee to perform their assigned job effectively and efficiently which will eventually lead to productivity.

Keywords: work environment, supervision, performance, Nigerian banks.

4. Assessment of Food and Palliative Distribution during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown


There is a widespread belief of international organizations, planners, academicians, economists, researchers etc. that FDI has a robust optimistic influence on the economic growth. Purpose of study is to examine the impact of foreign direct investment on economic growth in Bangladesh. The study is prepared based on secondary source of data covering 1987 to 2020 where economic growth is taken as dependent variable and FDI, Market size, Exports, Imports, Inflation, Exchange rate are considered as independent variables. This study also utilized multiple regression analysis method for data analysis. The study results show that FDI and exchange rate have negative as well as significant impact on economic growth and concluded that one unit change in FDI and exchange rate will decrease economic growth of Bangladesh by 22.84 and 2.04 units respectively. However, export and market size have positive influence on economic growth of Bangladesh, where, one unit change of export and market size will increase economic growth of the country by 5.54 and 389.43 units respectively. On the other hand, study also found statistically insignificant positive association of inflation and import on economic growth of Bangladesh The negative impact of FDI on economic growth may be due to exporting goods without meeting the domestic demand for the goods, attaining monopoly power of foreign companies over local companies, excess competition between local and foreign companies, capital flight, repatriation of excessive profit to the parent country by foreign companies etc. Planners, economists, academicians, regulators, new researchers and related stakeholders shall get a significant perception about impact of FDI on economic growth and thereby enhance the economic growth. This study is carried out based on secondary data only. Secondary data is the main limitation of the study. Hence, there is a huge scope of further study using primary as well as secondary data.

Keywords: Impact, FDI, Economic Growth, Bangladesh.

5. A Comparative Study of Online Learning and Face-to-face Learning in Australia with a Reference to Mathematics Subjects


This study aims to compare online learning to face-to-face learning and discuss their impacts on post-secondary and first-year tertiary mathematics education in Australia during the pandemic. A review of the relevant literature was performed to gain insights into the research objective. The extant literature suggests that online learning is an effective tool not only for imparting knowledge beyond the course materials, but also for sharing information to a diverse group of students, including those with unique learning styles. However, findings reveal that online learning has a few drawbacks. Scholars advise universities and all stakeholders in the tertiary education sector to carry out some transformations, such as encouraging collaboration and conversation in online discussions, promoting empathy in virtual classrooms, and providing networking opportunities to students taking online courses.

Keywords: During Pandemic Learning, Face-to-Face Learning, Mathematics Learning, Online Learning.