Special Issue 3: Covid-19
This issue is for publication on related topics:
- Coronaviruses in General.
- Covid-19 impact on the global economy.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on international trade.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on the economy of High Income Countries.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on the economy of Lower Middle Income Countries.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on the performance of religious rites.
- Effective management in dealing with a Covid-19 pandemic crisis.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on political stability.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on sector, schools, universities.
- Covid-19 epidemic impact on: Medical research, Administration, Economics, Education, Politics, Social, Companies, Industry, Trade.
1:- Effective and Efficient Smart Healthy Care System Aimd Covid-19 Pandemic
Oyeniran, Oluwashina A, Oyeniran, Stella T, Oyeniyi, Joshua O.3 Ojo, Adeolu O, Ogundele, and Rita A.
Nigeria is repeatedly referred to as the Giant of Africa, due to its large population and economy, with approximately 182 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Good health is one of the fundamental human rights everybody is entitled to and the onus of this rests on the healthcare sector to provide good health services through the three tiers of the government (federal, state and local government) to the citizens. However, healthcare delivery in Nigeria has experienced progressive deterioration due to weakened political will on the part of successive governments to effectively solve a number of problems that have accumulated in the sector over many years. This paper strategizes a robust plan to ensure the wellbeing of the citizens of Nigeria against COVID-19 and all other illnesses by proposing a framework that presents a three module mechanism for the development of an effective and efficient smart healthcare system amid COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in Nigeria. This study recommends that the Government (at all the three tiers) as well as private healthcare providers should look into this proposed framework with the platforms provided during the lockdown session.
Keywords: Healthcare; COVID-19; Pandemic; Nigeria
2:- COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND GLOBAL ELECTIONS: THE CASE OF AFRICA
Richard Andoh , Eugene Adu Henaku
This paper aims to look at the impact of COVID-19 on global elections, particularly Africa. The paper used a desktop approach with careful thoughts and considerations as to the quality of the sources of information. The paper contends that regular and competitive elections are fundamental to the proper functioning of modern representative democracy. After four years long, the electorate gets to exercise what may be its only chance to speak on the performance of its public representatives by either sanctioning them or renewing their mandates. But what is to be done when a roaring pandemic such as Covid-19 strikes in an election year? The spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is having a significant impact on global democracies around the world particularly in countries going to elections this year. Many countries have postponed elections due to the outbreak of COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the political systems of multiple countries causing suspensions of legislative activities, and rescheduling of elections due to fears of spreading the virus. Sixty-two (62) countries and territories across the globe have decided to postpone national and subnational elections due to COVID-19. Out of this at least eighteen (18) countries and territories have decided to postpone national elections and referendums. Twenty-six (26) countries and territories have decided to hold national or subnational elections as originally planned despite concerns related to COVID-19. Out of this, at least eleven (11) countries have held national elections or referendums. In Africa, the pandemic is forcing African states to choose between holding elections on time and postponing them for the welfare of the citizenry. Elections have been scheduled for 24 African countries and the autonomous region of Somaliland. Some have already taken place, while the vast majority are scheduled for the second half of 2020. Out of the 18 countries in which COVID-19 cases have emerged, nine have yet to go to the polls. The Covid-19 pandemic poses an additional challenge to electoral processes in Africa and raises concerns for the holding of free, fair, transparent, and peaceful elections, all while ensuring the safety of citizens. With the global threat of the pandemic, states are now being forced to evaluate whether they are in a position to hold credible elections, a component of democratic governance, and further of peace, security, and development. We, therefore, contend that the ramifications of the pandemic would have a major influence on the future politics of Africa. Any decision to postpone or cancel elections in Africa should not be made lightly; where circumstances permit, elections should always be held and held on time. After all, even during the height of the Spanish flu which killed hundreds of thousands of Americans, elections were held in the US.
Keywords: COVID-19; Global Elections; Africa; Ghana; Ethiopia; Nigeria; Egypt; Ivory Coast.
3:-Therapy of COVID-19
KashshafLabeeb, Kuraish Bin Quader Chowdhury , Sarmila Yesmin, and Mohammad Nasfikur Rahman Khan
Approximately 5,934,457 people with 362,713 fatalities have been affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic since it was detected in populations in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. There are no antiviral drugs or vaccinations available as therapy, or preventive measures. Passive Immunization by selectively neutralizing antibodies attached to specific SARS-CoV-2 antigens may be a possible way to address the imminent safety hazard of the COVID-19 pandemic while developing vaccines. The concept of Passive Immunization in COVID-19 treatment is addressed here, along with a synopsis of all its historical epidemic confrontational applications.
Keywords: COVID-19, Passive Immunization, Antigen.
4:- Coronavirus Treatments: Application of Plasma from Treated Patients as a Therapy of COVID-19
Kashshaf Labeeb , Kuraish Bin Quader Chowdhury , Sarmila Yesmin, and Mohammad Nasfikur Rahman Khan
Abstract: Approximately 5,934,457 people with 362,713 fatalities have been affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic since it was detected in populations in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. There are no antiviral drugs or vaccinations available as therapy, or preventive measures. Passive Immunization by selectively neutralizing antibodies attached to specific SARS-CoV-2 antigens may be a possible way to address the imminent safety hazard of the COVID-19 pandemic while developing vaccines. The concept of Passive Immunization in COVID-19 treatment is addressed here, along with a synopsis of all its historical epidemic confrontational applications.
Keywords: COVID-19, Passive Immunization, Antigen.
5:- Age and Mortality From COVID 19 Infection: A Review of the Current Literature
Hajer Elkout , Halima D Buni, and Miluda R Elhamadi
The world is currently facing unprecedented challenges due to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The age distribution of COVID-19 related mortality has not been detailed in the literature. The present review aims to summarize the findings of published studies on the association between age as a risk factor and mortality from COVID-19. In this review, two phases search was conducted for all articles published in various databases on COVID-19 including PubMed, WHO Global Research, Google Scholar databases, and COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv by using MeSH-compliant keywords including COVID-19, mortality, and case fatality on April 1st, 2020, and on April 11th, 2020. All type of articles published about age-related COVID-19 mortality were included. The review of a total of 15 final articles published in this area revealed that COVID-19 case fatality ratio (CFR) was higher in older age groups than younger people. It was not certain why the elderly displays a higher risk for COVID-19 mortality. Simulation models revealed that patients with comorbidities have five times higher risk to die from COVID-19 infection. Older age, comorbidities, chest pain and dyspnea on admission were predictors of mortality in COVID-19 patients. We conclude that the findings from the present review may assist in the identification of COVID-19 high-risk population and predictions of mortality patterns.
Keywords: COVID19, Coronavirus, risk factors, Outcomes. Case fatality ratio, death/mortality and Age.
6:- Sport and Covid 19: Between quarantine strategy and projection for after quarantine
Chiha Fouad , Benlabed Abderahim , Ouddai Syphax, Chebbah Khaireddine , and Benkara Yassine
Covid 19 pandemic has become a global health problem requiring the quarantine of more than half of the planet. Questions were raised about the dangers of this virus on the health of athletes and the effects of imposed quarantine on their athletic lives. Methodology: through the analysis of several scientific articles were published on the recent four months, we will try to shed the light on various questions that allows athletes and coaches to better understand the strategies and conduct to follow during this pandemic period. Results: the answers to the questions raised, revealed the weakness of athletes facing intense exercise, the maintenance of physical fitness of athletes must be ensured by sub maximal exercises while avoiding rest periods. The good lifestyle requires proper nutrition, regular hydration and a healthy framework that needs good sleep and avoids negative psychological attitudes. Conclusion: Although the virus appears more dangerous on old and sick people, young people and athletes have not been spared. In the absence of a vaccine, preventive measures remain, for the moment, the best means of control. The athletes, their coaches and the sports authorities are challenged on various questions asked to better confine the athletes
Keywords: Covid19 ; immunity ; quarantine; de-training.
7:-Application of Internet of Things (IoT) To Enhance the Fight against Covid-19 Pandemic
Joshua Oyeniyi , Ibrahim Ogundoyin, Oluwashina Oyeniran , and Lawrence Omotosho
Abstract: Nations of the world are currently battling with COVID-19 pandemic and the need for cost effective solution to combat the pandemic is highly needed. Internet of things (IoT) is the system of interconnected digital and mechanical devices possessing the capability of data transmission over a defined network. Internet of things (IoT) is an innovative technology; it enables devices to be connected over a network in the hospital and strategic location to enhance the fight against COVID-19 pandemic. This study explores and highlights the applications of IoT by offering a perspective roadmap to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The application of Internet of things (IoT) will help patients, physicians, health care workers and hospital management system to identify symptoms of the infectious disease and manage infected cases of COVID-19 globally.
Keywords: COVID-19, Internet of things, application.
10:- COVID-19: Online Learning Experience of College Students: The Case of Ghana
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the closure of schools around the world. To ensure the continuity of teaching and learning, schools, colleges and universities have moved their classes and lectures online. This study focused on the online learning experiences of college students and their perception of online learning in Ghana. The descriptive phenomenological research design was employed. Ten college students were selected from four colleges of education using the snowball sampling procedure. Participants were interviewed via phone. Colaizzi’s phenomenological data analysis process was adopted for this study. Findings were presented in themes and supported by quotes from research participants. Thematic analysis revealed the following themes: 1. Nature of online learning, 2. Connectivity problem, 3. Internet bundle, 4. Challenges with Device, 5. Household production and 6. Overall perception of e-learning. The findings revealed that both social media and online learning platforms were used for teaching and learning by the Colleges of Education in Ghana. It was also found that students experience internet connectivity problems, financial difficulty due to the high cost of internet bundle, challenges with devices and disruption as a result of the need to assist in household production. College students suggest that online learning should be suspended due to the number of challenges associated.
Keywords: College Students, COVID-19, Ghana, Online learning.
All research will be published in a special issue in:
Publishing will be free of charge at all stages of manuscript preparation, and authors will be given a special certificate
This issue is supported by:
Middle East Industrial Services and Consulting (MEISC)
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