Volume 4, Issue 4, 2023 

1. Enhancing Confidence and Motivation of English Teachers through Practical Training at Higher Diploma for Preparing Teachers: A Case Study at Mu’tah University   


This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the English teacher training program at Mu’tah University while identifying the supplementary requirements of the English teachers who participated in the program. A total of 55 English teachers who had completed the training were included in the study. The data collection process involved administering a detailed questionnaire comprising five sections. The collected responses were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 11.5. The results of the study indicate that the English language training program had a significant and positive impact on the teachers' overall effectiveness, as well as on their confidence and motivation levels as EFL instructors. However, the program’s effectiveness in improving fundamental English language knowledge, which is crucial for becoming effective EFL teachers, was still inadequate. Consequently, as indicated by most participants, this aspect emerged as a primary requirement for teachers attending future training programs. Furthermore, teachers expressed the need for more extended training programs (long-term training) due to the program’s demonstrated efficacy in equipping them with the necessary skills to excel as English teachers.  


Keywords:  Effectiveness, English Teacher Training Program, English Teachers’ Needs, Teacher Training

2. Enabling Effective Knowledge Economy through Human Resources Management Practices 


  This study investigated how Jordanian Telecom Company's current policies regarding the management of human resources had an effect on the company's knowledge economy. The Pfeffer, 1998 study served as the basis for the HRMP variables that were employed in this investigation. The research approach for this study is a questionnaire survey, and it uses the quantitative method for its investigation. The successful collection of questionnaires brought the total number to 321. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Tool was utilized in the analysis of the gathered data (AMOS). According to the results of the hypothesis analysis, the strategies that are used to manage human resources have been determined to have a major impact on the knowledge economy. In addition, the findings indicate that four out of the five independent variables—namely, Compensation Policy (CP), Decentralization & Self-Managed Teams (DCSFT), Information Sharing (IS), and Selective Hiring (SH) serve as significant predictors of the outcome. Whereas the knowledge economy is not affected by job security in any way.

Keywords: HRMP, knowledge Economy, DCSFT, Information Sharing, Selective Hiring, Job security, Compensation policy.

3. Comparative Study of the Item Parameters of 2016 and 2017 Osun State Basic Education Certificate Mathematics Using Mathematics Item Research Theory 


  The Study aimed at determining the Item Parameters of 2016 and 2017 Osun State Basic Education Certificate (OSBECE) Mathematics items. The difference in the item parameters (difficulty and discrimination) of the 2016 and 2017 OSBECE Mathematics multiple- choice items was also determined using Item Response Theory. These were with a view to providing information on the item parameters of the mathematics items used in Basic Education Certificate Examination conducted by the Osun State Ministry of Education. The ex-post factor research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study comprised all the Junior Secondary School (JSS III) 2016 and 2017 students in Osun State. The population comprised thirty-four thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine (34,899) and thirty-five thousand five hundred and eighty-seven (35,857) public school candidates who sat for the 2016 and 2017 Mathematics examination respectively in Osun State. The sample for the study comprised 1000 responses of the candidates to the examinations as contained in the Optical Mark Recorder (OMR) Sheets for 2016 and 2017 respectively using systematic random sampling techniques totaling 2000 responses. The research instruments were the candidates’ OMR sheets used for answering the 2016 and 2017 Mathematics items and the key (Marking guide). Data collected were analyzed using multi-dimensional 3-Parameter Logistic Model, Mean, and Standard Deviation. Results showed that 32 out of the 60 items of 2016 Mathematics examination discriminated appropriately while 37 out of the 60 items discriminated appropriately for the 2017 version of the examination. The item difficulty for the 2016 OSBECE Mathematics test items showed that 9 out of the 60 items had poor difficulty indices while one item of the 2017 version of the examination had poor difficulty index. Result further showed that there was a significant difference in the psychometric properties of 2016 and 2017 Osun State Mathematics test (t =8.6393, p<0.05). Again, the difference observed in the discrimination indices of 2016 and 2017 Osun State BECE Mathematics test was not significant (t =0.769, p>0.05). Finally, the difference observed in the difficulty indices of 2016 and 2017 version of the examination was significant (t =549, p< 0.05). The study concluded that there was no statistical equality between 2016 and 2017 OSBECE Mathematics multiple- choice items in terms of difficulty and discrimination.

Keywords: IRT (Item Response Theory), CTT (Classical Test Theory), Item difficulty, Item Discrimination.

4. The Mediating Effect of Employee Motivation on the Relationship between Human Resource Management and Turnover Prevention 


  This research aimed to evaluate the mediating role of employee motivation between HRM and employee turnover. For the attainment of this goal, the data was collected through interviews and semi-structured interviews technique was used to collect the data while thematic analysis was used to analyses the gathered data. The researcher collected data from 10 HR managers working in different organizations; the reason behind selecting the managers was their relevance to the study and the knowledge related to the topic. The results of this research concluded that HRM practices such as work/life balance, compensation programs, employee competitive salary, employee recognition, effective leadership and relationships with employees, career growth opportunities, and employee training and development have a positive relationship with turnover prevention. These highlighted HRM practices are key to employee motivation and support leading companies towards employee retention by reducing their turnover intentions. Further, the study divided factors into two categories that can influence employee turnover intentions such as internal factors and external factors. The study found that internal factors are not the only ones that affect employees' motivation and lead companies towards reduced intentions, external factors also play an important role. External factors such as uncertain market conditions and lower wages in the market in the market are the factors that discourage employees from switching to other companies. Job security is one of the major concerns of employees and layoffs and firing processes followed in different companies during difficult times are the factors that contribute significantly to the reduction of employee turnover intentions. It can be said that job safety concerns prevent employees from switching to other organizations easily which helps enhance employee retention. The study contains some recommendations for the target audience of the study related to the HRM practices that can be used to motivate employees and help companies lead towards reduced employee turnover.

Keywords: Employee motivation, HRM practices, Employee Turnover, and Job Satisfaction .

5. Antimicrobial Resistant Pattern of Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolated from the Stool of Healthy Volunteers of Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Bayelsa State 


  Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria is a normal flora of the human intestinal tract where they do not cause disease in normal circumstances but can also act as a human opportunistic pathogenic infection when it proliferates in increased amounts, where it may cause a host of health complaints and symptoms ranging from mild to serious infections (pneumonia, septicemia, Urinary tract infections). The virulence factors like capsule, lipopolysaccharide, and type 1 or type 3 fimbriae are responsible for K. pneumoniae to form biofilm. Klebsiella pneumonia responsible for serious outbreaks of multi-drug resistant diseases may be due to uncontrolled usage of antibiotics.  Method: The samples were isolated and identified using standard microbiological methods. The isolates were screened for possible virulence traits using the Blood agar test and Congo-Red test. Antibiotic susceptibility screening was carried out for the isolates. Results: In this study (25.3%) Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were recovered from the 300 stool samples of the healthy student volunteers, of which 29(38.2%) were from males and 47(61.8%) from females. The 76 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates screened are biofilm producers while none produced hemolysin. The antimicrobial susceptibility pattern for the 76 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in this study revealed (Co-trimoxazole 3.9%, Ciprofloxacin 11.8%, Cefotaxime 9.2%, Ceftazidime 6.6% and Gentamicin 9.2%, Imipenem 17.1% and Ertapenem 40.8% and Nitrofurantoin (89.5%). In this study (17.1%) Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates exhibited multi-drug resistance. Conclusion: Drug resistance surveillance has revealed that asymptomatic carriers in the community are often colonized with resistant bacteria that subsequently lead to infections.

Keywords: Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Antimicrobial, Resistant, Pneumonia, Septicemia, Urinary Tract Infections.

6. Review Study on Experimental Enhanced Methods of Solar Parabolic Trough Collector


 A parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC) is a type of solar thermal technology that uses curved mirrors to concentrate sunlight. The PTSC consists of a long, curved stainless steel parabola, to allow focusing sunlight onto a receiver tube along the parabola focal line. With the deficiency of natural resources to generate power different search projects concentrate on the enhancement of renewable energy resources and SPTC is one of the most important interests since it is suitable for domestic and operational interests. This paper contains the most efficient applicable and newly designed project enhancing the SPTC.

Keywords: Corrugated pipe; Enhancement; PCM; PTSC; Turbulator.