Volume 1, Issue 10, 2020
1. Study the Effect of Exterior Wall Color and New Packing Material on Thermal Performance of Building
Abdullah, H, K, Faraj, R, Q. Study the Effect of Exterior Wall Color and New Packing Material on Thermal Performance of Building. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 1–15
An experimental study was performed in two stages, the first stage involves dyeing the exterior wall of a residential room in the current research with bentelite paint colors (white, yellow, tibny, blue), to see the range of its effect on the summer cooling load as opposed to the 24-hour dark color of the cement wall. The experiment was conducted in the summer at Wasit University (the city of Kut, late 32.5 north), where a typical room was made from a sandwich board. The room dimensions are 1m long, 2 m wide and 2.4 m high), and two holes were made in the south wall, the area of the hole was (1 m high and 0.3 m wide). The two holes are constructed of two types of walls. The first is made of bricks and coated with (1 cm) cement (ficus), and the second wall is the same the first except it was painted in different colors, the second stage, which involves using 1cm thick of two composite materials (cement with a weight ratio of 5 % charcoal) and (cement with a weight ratio of 20 % is plastic). To calculate the saving energy, the radiant time series (RTS) method was employed. The results showed that the white coating was the best which saving energy is 29.8%, as well as the use of charcoal was the best where the saving energy is 33% comparing with black(cement) wall, which improves the building's thermal efficiency.
Keywords: Paint; Composite; Plastic; Charcoal; RTS.
2. Combating Cyber Crime in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh-An Evaluation from Legal Perspective
Md. A. Kabir. Combating Cyber Crime in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh-An Evaluation from Legal Perspective. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 16–31.
Cyber security has become a matter of great importance and concern, as can be seen by events across the world over the last years. In the specific case of banking, Asia has arguably been the most vulnerable region to date. In addition to Bangladesh, a slew of high-profile attacks of financial institutions have recently occurred in Japan, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam, which in turn has resulted in billions of dollars in lost banking revenue across the continent. Cyber attack is an emerging threat to Bangladeshi banking industry and economy especially after the Bangladesh bank Heist in 2016. In this context, this study focuses on the existing Cyber Crime Laws and Provisions to combat cyber crime issues in the banking sector of Bangladesh. It is a descriptive type of research and secondary sources of data and information have been used in the study. The study mainly examines recent trend and pattern of cyber crime issues, existing legal framework for dealing with the cyber criminal activities and limitations of existing laws have also been examined and analyzed in this paper. Finally, some probable measures have been suggested for combating the increasing trend of cyber crimes in the banking industries of Bangladesh. We are hopeful that present study may be beneficial and contributory to the both decision making authorities like: government policy making bodies, legislative authorities, top level management of banking industry and the researchers.
Keyword: Banking Industry, Cyber Crime, Legal issues, Revision on laws.
3. Developing an Improved Model of the Agile Kanban Method (i-KAM): A Research Design and Preliminary Results
Alaidaros, H., Omar, M., Romli, R. Developing an Improved Model of the Agile Kanban Method (i-KAM): A Research Design and Preliminary Results. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 32–38.
The Agile Kanban method has recently emerged in the software project management (SPM) field due to its importance in the development of software projects. In addition, various studies confirm that Agile practitioners are now shifting towards the Kanban method as this method has an effective communication facilitation and transparency. However, this method lacks an effective progress tracking technique and has difficulty in identifying the number of work in progress (WIP) limits as well as in visualizing crucial information on the project workflow. Therefore, this study presents a research design for developing an improved model of the Agile Kanban method that could remedy the situation. The preliminary results together with research significance and contributions are also demonstrated. Other researchers can employ the current research design for developing new (or improving the existing) Agile approaches.
Keywords: Software Project Management; Agile Kanban Method; Research Design.
4. Depression Literacy survey: Stigmatizing attitudes towards depressive symptoms in undergraduate students of mega city, Karachi
Shah, M, A., et al. Depression Literacy survey: Stigmatizing attitudes towards depressive symptoms in undergraduate students of mega city, Karachi . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 39-47.
The aim of this study was to determine the stigma towards depression and mental health literacy about depression among undergraduate students of Karachi.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2018 among undergraduate students of Karachi. Non-probability sampling were performed to recruit the sample of 465. A hypothetical vignette was created of an undergraduate, experiencing from depression was presented along with measuring depression literacy (causes and problem recognition). Descriptive statistics and chi-square test was performed with p<0.05 as significant.
Results: The mean age of our participants was 20.7 ± 1.7 years, 63.2% females and 36.8% were males. Vignette of depression, correctly identified by medicine and dental students 94.4% (n=438). The causes considered responsible for mental illness (depression) by students were 91.6% (n=426) agreed upon work stress as a cause of depression. Brain injury 73.5% (n=342), physical abuse 73.8% (n=343), poverty 79.6% (n=370) and an evil eye was consider by 59.1% (n=275). The persons or services, responsible for coping up mental illness were “parents” 95.5% (n=444) followed by a friend from university 89.5% (n=416). The willingness to socially interact with ‘XYZ’ reported willingness for more than 80% for almost all the items on social interact scale.
Conclusion: Despite study population being well educated, stigma and illiteracy about depression along with many superstitious beliefs prevail in the population. There is a need to increase awareness about mental health for undergraduate students and help to educated about the coping mechanism, which might helpful during their professional studies.
Keywords: Students, Stigma, Mental Health Literacy, Depression, Pakistan
5. Remote sensing and its applications in soil mapping : A Review
Chandra, et al. Remote sensing and its applications in soil mapping : A Review . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 48-55.
A soil map is an illustration of soil types, for a geographic area, two and their properties for example, soil layers, soil reaction, texture, organic matter content, and soil color. Traditionally, it is produced on the foundation of field observations in a soil survey, at a pre-determined scale e.g. detailed, reconnaissance or exploratory surveys. The resulting maps are posted with a soil document describing the status of the soils and their distribution over the geographic area, as generalized at the scale of the map. The map legend frequently groups and describes the predominant soil types, of which the distribution, properties and capabilities are defined in element in a soil survey report. Typically, effects of "traditional" soil surveys are introduced as polygon maps. These maps are used, amongst other, for assessment of land, agricultural extension, and planning the use and management of land use and planning. Recent technological advances in satellite remote sensing have helped to overcome the difficulty of conventional soil survey, as a consequence supplying a new outlook for soil survey and mapping. This paper affords a comprehensive evaluation of growth of remote sensing in mapping of more than a few soil properties like moisture, salinity, mineralogy, vegetation, etc. using methods like optical remote sensing, thermal infrared remote sensing, visible photo interpretation, microwave remote sensing , Lidar and hyper spectral remote sensing.
Keywords: Remote sensing, Satellite, Microwave, Soil Properties.
6. Seventh and Eleventh-Order Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations
Hassan M. S. Bawazir. Seventh and Eleventh-Order Iterative Methods for Solving Nonlinear Equations . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 56-63.
This paper presents two iterative methods to obtain the numerical solutions of nonlinear equations. We prove that our methods have seven, and eleven orders of convergence. Analytical investigation shows that our schemes have higher efficiency indexes than some recent methods. Numerical examples are presented to investigate the performance of the proposed schemes. Moreover, theoretical order of convergence is verified on the examples.
Keywords: Nonlinear equation; Iterative method; Convergence order.
2020 The Authors. Production and hosting by Crown Academic Publishing (CAP) on behalf of International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology (IJMSAT). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
7. THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY UNDER MALAYSIAN LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
Salim Ibrahim Ali. THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY UNDER MALAYSIAN LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 64-71.
This dissertation examines the environmental quality under malaysian law and international law. In the context of environment, law functions as a non-science mechanism to approach environmental problems particularly through the implementation of the legislations. Accordingly, countries in the world come with their legal frameworks in the forms of guidelines, rules, laws, legislations and regulations. In Malaysia, the Environmental Quality Act 1974 is the primary legislation that aims to protect the environment. It regulates environmental problems like pollution through many regulations that forms the regulatory framework. The objective is about the prevention, abatement, control of pollution and enhancement of the environment. According to this study, a new act had to be formulated in line with current changes as the present one had been in use for more than 45 years while problems relating to the environment were now more challenging.
Keywords: The Environmental Quality, International Law, Malaysian Law
8. Social competence of Twelfth Grade Students in Public Schools and Private Schools in the Jordanian Madaba Governorate: A Comparative Study
Hassan, et al. THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY UNDER MALAYSIAN LAW AND INTERNATIONAL LAW . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Advanced Technology Vol 1 No 10 (2020) 64-71.
After the researcher noticed the growing and varied manifestations of university violence through the various statistics and media, and on the basis that the most important objectives of science are interpretation of phenomena, prediction and control it, the researcher saw that he may contribute to identify some of the causes and factors for this phenomenon, and provide the decision maker and the school curriculum designer some necessary data, which led to the study of the social efficiency of students in the pre-university stage, the secondary school, in a comparative study between students of public schools versus private schools in Madaba, Jordan, because of importance of the social efficiency of students and their skills and social preparations in the Psychological and social adjustment with the subsequent stage, which is university life. Using a measure of social competence, the researcher built it in four main dimensions and presented it to the specialists for judging it, after applying it to a sample of 400 students, 200 of them were from private schools and 200 from public schools, there were statistically significant differences in the average scores of students in secondary schools between public and private schools on the social efficiency scale in all its dimensions, and from the arithmetic averages, it was found that these differences were in favor of public school students. As well as the existence of statistically significant differences in the average scores of students between males and females on the scale of social efficiency in all dimensions, and from the arithmetic averages show that these differences were in favor of females.
Key words: Social competence, grade 12, public and private schools