Introduction: Frequent nutritional examination and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorder is an important clinical consideration as it reveals multiple risk factors that can lead to an increase in the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies. Objective: This study aims to find out the effect of food consumed on the nutritional and health status of children with autism spectrum disorders in the Jordanian capital, Amman. Methodology: The descriptive study was conducted at the Jordanian Autism Academy in Amman's capital for four months. The study included 80 males and 20 females (ages from 6 to18 years). The adequacy of the diet for children with autism was determined using food and drink records for 24 hours compared with the recommended dietary allowance. The information was collected through 100 questionnaires distributed and filled out by the shadow teacher; the physical measurements were taken, the health factors and medical information were determined, and biochemical tests, such as checking blood strength (hemoglobin). Results: The participants had a high intake of fats, protein, and carbohydrates in the following proportions 101%, 101% and 103% consecutively. As for the blood tests (hemoglobin), the average blood strength increase between the beginning and the end of the study was 0.39g/dl. As for body measurements, there was an increase in the mean height of the children during the study period at a rate of (2.8 cm), while the increase in the mean weight was (1.65 kg), and the increase in the mean body mass was (0.4 kg /m2). Conclusion: The study showed that nutritional care is a good factor for maintaining the physical health of children with autism, also this was confirmed by examining the strength of blood.
Keywords: Autism, nutritional status, food intake.