Volume 1, Issue 5, 2020
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1. Title : Examining Filariasis (Elephantiasis), Geo-Environment and Socio-Economic Situation: Integrating Factor Analysis with Geographic Information Systems for Northern Region of Bangladesh
Authors :Rashed Karim, and Shams Shaila Islam
Abstract: This research article attempts to discover the most important factors associated with the severity of filariasis disease among the population. It integrates factor analysis and GIS modeling to find out the spatial level of the disease of an area situated in a relatively less developed region (Northern region) of Bangladesh. Results noticed that characteristics of the spatial environments have a significant influence on filariasis morbidity. Three factors were identified and they explained 67.078% of the variance of the observations. On the other hand, the results of the spatial analytical approach of GIS modeling which accounts 70% variation in the dependent variable supports the factor analysis findings regarding the cause and prevalence of filariasis disease.
Keywords: Filariasis, Factor analysis, Socio-economic, Geo-environmental, Spatial regression.
2. Title : Customer Churn Prediction in Banking Industry Using K-Means and Support Vector Machine Algorithms
Authors : Abdulsalam Sulaiman Olaniyi, Arowolo Micheal Olaolu, Bilkisu Jimada-Ojuolape, and Saheed Yakub Kayode
Abstract: This study proposes a customer churn mining structure based on data mining methods in a banking sector. This study predicts the behavior of customers by using clustering technique to analyze customer’s competence and continuity with the sector using k-means clustering algorithm. The data is clustered into 3 labels, on the basis of the transaction in and outflow. The clustering results were classified using Support Vector Machine (SVM), an Accuracy of 97% was achieved. This study enables the banking administrators to mine the conduct of their customers and may prompt proper strategies as per engaging quality and improve proper conducts of administrator capacities in customer relationship.
Keywords. Customer Churn, Banks, K-Means and SVM.
3. Title : Detection of Seed Borne Fungi Associated with some Cereals and Legume Crops of Seeds Grown in Main Season at Holetta Agricultural Research Center
Authors : Asela Kesho , and Worku Abebe
Abstract: Fungi are a major cause of postharvest deterioration of cereals and legumes. The current work was carried out using sixteen samples of eight crops wheat, barley, Teff, oat, lentil, fababean, mungbean and chickpea samples were collected to investigate the presence and incidence of seed borne fungi associated with them using PDA media. Results of the mycological analysis revealed that a total of 14 fungi belonging to 11 genera viz. Penicillium sp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Bipolaris sp., Botrytis sp., Eppicocum sp., Sclerotium sp., Alternaria sp., Fusarium graminaerum, Fusarium moniliformae, Fusarium oxysporium, Trichoderma sp., Tilletia sp. and Rhizopus sp. were isolated from samples of the different crop seeds obtained from seed multiplication store, EIAR, HARC. Infection percentage varied from 5-100 % in samples of seed multiplication store. In wheat variety wane and limu, in oat variety CI8237, CI8238, CI8239 and CI8240, in chickpea variety Natoli, Habru and Arerti, and in fababean variety Dosha showed 100% infection followed by Wolki of Fababean (97.5%), and one variety of Mungbean showed infection of 80%. One variety Iboni of Barley showed 75 % infection and Dagem and Kora of Teff showed 37.5% and 12.5% infection. Bekoji variety of Lentil showed least infections of 5%. The obtained results revealed that seed-borne pathogens were present in most seed samples of important cereals and legume crops. Some of the identified fungi are potential producers of mycotoxins, thus their presence is important in terms of reduced food safety for humans and animals. Therefore, an early and accurate diagnosis and pathogen surveillance will provide time for the development and the application of disease management strategies.
Keywords: Crops, Incidence, Postharvest Deterioration, Seed Borne Fungi, Seed Health.
4. Title : Electrical Conductivity of Natural Volcanic Tuff Mix by Cyclic Voltammetry Method
Authors : Ahmad Khalaf Alkhawaldeh
Abstract: This paper has experimentally measured volcanic tufa electrical conductance. The calculations are carried out in accordance with the potential of cyclic voltammetry in a constant state. The cyclic voltammograms nanoelectrode platinum prepared electrochemically were examined in the range -0.2 to 1.2 V vs. AgCl [Cl-]:1.0 M in the presence and absence of volcanic tuff in the aqueous solution of 1.0 M HCl. The cyclic voltammetry studies show that the Nano platinum film suffers degradation when the potential exceeds +0.85 V, and below this potential, it is quite stable. The redox reaction of the electrode is reversible. The nanoparticle platinum synthesized at low temperature and high acid concentration exhibits higher electronic conductivities. It has been observed that, relative to area under the peak aggregate tests, the use of volcanic concrete was showing a large increase in electrical conductivity. It was shown that with cyclic voltammetry, three well-defined anode peak could be achieved at a power of 0.0, 0.4 and 0.6 V versus Ag/AgCl.
Keywords: Electrical conductivity, Volcanic tuff, Cyclic Voltammetry, Conductivity Nanoparticle, Platinum Electrode.
5. Title : Date Envelopment Analysis Applications : A Review of Current Literature and the Latest Researcher Avenue
Authors :M aree Mohammad Alzghoul , Norshahrizan Nordin, Tunku Salha Tunku Ahmad , and Mohammad Iqbal Omar
Abstract: This paper explores the advantages of an application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) in evaluating the efficiency of decision-making units (DMUs). DEA is a mathematical programming method that is applied to measuring results. The business support units are defined as value-added business units. A case is made for applying DEA when evaluating the efficiency of these business support units. To this end, an overview of the effects of DEA's applications in the literature. It contrasts with more widely used parametric approaches, such as regression analysis, resulting in a comparator representing the average outcome for a given population, thereby requiring calculation only against the average. Furthermore, the results suggest that the DEA framework allows for the inclusion of intermediate outcomes in respect of business support units, which enables the assessment of these units' contribution to overall company output. While the DEA technique has been widely applied, it is not yet as well known or applied in general as the more traditional methods. The proposals presented in this paper would help attract the attention of decision-makers to DEA. The guidelines would also raise awareness of the possible benefits to be achieved by implementing the approach for designing performance assessment mechanisms for support units for companies.
Key Words: data envelopment analysis, performance, decision-making units, efficiency.
6. Title : Management of Onion Downy mildew (Peronospora destructor) and Associated Challenges in Ethiopia: A Review
Authors : Adina Getinet
Abstract : Onion (Allium cepa L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops that cultivated throughout the world. In Ethiopia, the consumption of the crop is very important in the food seasoning and in daily stews. However, the production and productivity of the crop (10.02t/ha) are far below the world average (19.7 t/ha). There are many factors contributing to low productivity of onion in Ethiopia, of which downy mildew diseases is major one that cause yield loss up to 70%. This review paper focuses general aspects of onion downy mildew disease, control through fungicides application and associated challenges.
Key Words: Disease cycle, disease Symptoms and Fungicide.
7. Title : An Information on the Synchrony of Social Determinants: Influence on Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
Authors : Eugene, E. J.
Social, cultural, economic, and biological factors are widely known critical determinants of well-being, and acts across the life course. Biological outcomes are considered as a sequel of exposure in social stratification's, which can be measured at some extent of time. Clinicians and health authorities, who compile these strategies to enhance health and reduce inequalities, must be aware of the societal impact, and not rely on individuals’ ability, which vary according to social circumstances and events, imposing social determinants approach to assessment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. This method would address a wide variation in the incidence, morbidity and mortality across the spectrum of associated clinical conditions.
Key words: Social determinants, Synchrony, Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
8. Title : The Use of Metaphor in Charles Dickens’ Novels Great Expectations and Hard Times
Authors : Mustapha Daddi Ouameur, Omar Ghouar
This study focused mainly on the effect of metaphorical images in two novels of Dickens which are Great Expectations and Hard Times. Also, the role of figures of speech and figurative meanings those are included within the text of the mentioned novels. Therefore, the researcher hypothesized that the author utilizes a Metaphor for artistic reasons, and asked two questions which are to what extent does Charles Dickens prevail with regards to utilizing metaphor to express his sentiments and considerations toward his general public? And what is the motive process behind utilizing metaphor by the author? The analytical descriptive in light of breaking down and translating the mentioned novel is used as a methodology of the study. So, the discussion of this study focused on the metaphor, figurative language and simile that existed in the text and the study gave examples about the kind of metaphors that Dickens used. Finally, the study concluded by the result that the Hard Times and Great Expectation are having lots of metaphorical images which used in a skillful method and can grasp the reader's attention, and giving in-depth meaning for the words and expressions. Then, the researcher recommended using literature in learning English language to help learners in learning new words, know and remember the meaning of words from the context. Also, the metaphor can enrich the literary text and can emphasis the meaning and expression that the author intended to convey by his writing.
Keywords: Figurative Language, Metaphor, Simile.
9. Title : The Reality of Empowering Female Academic Staff in Leadership Positions at The University of Jordan and Yarmouk
Authors : Najwa Darawsha, and Hazem Badarneh
This study aimed at revealing the reality of empowering female academic staff in leadership positions at the university of Jordan and Yarmouk university. To achieve the objectives of the study the researchers used the descriptive approach through collecting all needed data from the official website of the two universities, then the leadership academic titles and positions in each university were identified within the limits of the study. Frequencies and percentages were estimated. The results of the study showed that the number of female leadership positions for the academic staff at the University of Jordan were (43) positions with a percentage of (21.61%) of the total leadership positions at the university of (199) leadership positions. The results also indicated that the number of leadership positions in Yarmouk University that are occupied by the females' academic staff is (15) with a percentage of (12.10%) of the (124) total leadership positions that are included within these titles; university vice president, dean of scientific research, and deputy dean of research scientific, assistant dean of scientific research, dean of the college, vice dean of the college, assistant dean of college, dean of student affairs, deputy dean of student affairs, assistant dean of student affairs and department head. The leadership positions in both universities reached (323), of which (58) leadership position is occupied by female academic member, with a percentage of (17.96%).
Key words: empowerment, Academic staff, leadership positions, University of Jordan, Yarmouk University.
10. The Impact of Strategic Planning in Crisis Management: An Applied Study: Public Institutions in Jordan
Authors : Shih-Ming Pi , Ghassan Khaled Al-Zu’bi
The study aimed to identify the impact of strategic planning in reducing the crises faced by employees in public institutions, and to identify the importance of strategic planning and its dimensions in addition to the elements of effective strategic planning, and to identify the factors that must be taken care of by management and that help in mitigating the effects of crises, And with the aim of minimizing the risks and crises facing public institutions in Jordan, the descriptive analytical approach has been used by relying on the questionnaire as a method for collecting data, and distributed to all study population of public sector employees in Amman, where the size of a society The survey is 650 employees. The results of the study showed that strategic planning in public institutions contributes to reducing potential problems, and that the lack of clarification for employees reduces the effectiveness of crisis management. The lack of staff involvement in strategic planning is an obstacle to solving problems, as well as it reveals the strengths and weaknesses of the organization. And that strategic planning provides information useful in making decisions and solving problems, and increases the visibility of workers in crisis management. It also emerged from the results of the study that the application of strategic planning requires employees with high educational qualifications and long experience in the field of strategic planning.The study recommended several recommendations, the most important of which are that employees should be informed and involved in the development of the strategic plan, and their opinions taken on. Public institutions must adopt strategic planning as a means, not an end, as it increases the visibility of workers in crisis management. And the necessity for public institutions to adopt strategic planning in their business, especially long-term ones, and make the most of the available resources. Public institutions, especially decision-makers, must refer the development of the strategic plan to qualified and experienced staff.
Key word: Strategic, Planning, Crisis Management, Institutions in Jordan